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Fritz Haber, son of a Jewish family, invented Zyklon B (hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid), a pesticide, but in WWII used in the gas chambers of concentration camps to murder a million people. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 because of his invention of a production method to make synthetic nitrogen fertilizer (good). He is considered the ’father of chemical warfare’; chlorine gas was first used as a weapon in WWI (bad). His wife Clara Immerwahr committed suicide following an argument about the chlorine gas attack that was the first successful deployment of a weapon of mass destruction on April 22, 1915, during the Second Battle of Ypres (Belgium), resulting in over 67,000 casualties.

Acrylic and threads on canvas, 12 x 14 inches (30 x 35 cm), 2016